Due to immature structural parts of the eyes, nose, and throat problems, children are prone to ENT problems. As compared to adults, children have shorter eustachian tubes (ear part) until they reach the puberty stage, making them more prone to the development of middle ear infections. When it comes to children’s sinuses, they are fully developed when they reach 8 years old, and their adenoids and tonsils are usually large, only starting to shrink as they reach the adolescent period. Because children may not be able to fully express themselves, some ENT conditions are left untreated and undetected, resulting in inadequate management.
When it comes to the different types of pediatric ear infections, they include middle ear infections or acute otitis media, external ear infections, and middle ear fluid or effusion (OME or otitis media with effusion). External ear infections are caused by excessive cotton bud use and swimming, causing bacterial growth and infection to the outer ear canal. In order to address the external ear infections, the appropriate care and treatment includes administration of prescribed antibiotic eardrops, suction ear cleaning, and avoidance of swimming and water exposure.
Upper respiratory tract infections affect the middle ear that causes acute otitis media or a middle ear infection caused by the spread of upper respiratory tract infections. Fever, ear pain, and hearing loss are the common signs and symptoms of acute otitis media. Purulent ear discharge may result because of the possibility of bursting of pus affecting the eardrum. The treatment for acute otitis media includes analgesics for pain relief and antibiotics for infection. If there is perforation of eardrums, antibiotic eardrops, suction ear cleaning, and oral medications will be required.
When it comes to the most common types of nasal conditions among children, they include epistaxis (nosebleed), allergy, and chronic sinusitis. The signs and symptoms of nasal allergy affecting children are a runny nose or rhinorrhea, sneezing, itchiness, and nasal blockage. House dust mite is a common allergen as well as food. Antihistamines, nasal sprays, and allergen avoidance are the interventions given to nasal allergy. Nose bleeding experienced by children are usually caused by trauma, blowing, rubbing or infection.
The most common throat conditions happening to children include a chronic cough, snoring, and obstructive apnea. Pharyngitis may cause a cough lasting up to two weeks. Nocturnal cough can be disruptive to the sleep of children. Snoring with gasping spells may result leading to obstructive sleep apnea causing behavioral changes.
An expert and experienced Eastside ENT specialist is willing to help you. It is best to only trust a reliable, expert, and experienced ENT doctor for your child’s health.